In an article by Mohsen Alishiri published in IRGC-affiliated Javan newspaper titled “Tehran will never give up presence in the US’s back yard”, the newspaper calls on the new government to not upset the agenda. When Ahmadinejad was first elected president and walked in the Venezuela airport, very few thought that within eight years, we would be witness to such as high level of cooperation with Latin American countries. Ahmadinejad and his foreign policy team placed special attention to the US’s back yard, and the former president himself conducted 17 tours to the said region. Hassan Rouhani’s victory and the leadership transition will definitely open up a new chapter in Iran’s foreign policy. In light of the undeniable difference between his positions and those of Ahmadinejad’s positions, the question now revolves around what the agenda is for Hassan Rouhani’s foreign policy team. Will a change in the behavior with the world as presented by the Rouhani government result in a change of priorities that had been in effect for the past eight years inIran’s foreign policies, or will this change be limited to the nuclear file? According to evidence and findings, this change will not be limited solely to the nuclear issue. The unofficial behavior of Iran’s new foreign minister and the changes in the various levels all indicate this. As noted over eth past eight years, Iran has dedicated much effort to Latin American economy, as well as in the political arena and it is natural that that this attention and investment cane at a price that Iran was forced to pay politically and economically. It appears logical that the new government will not forget Iran’s investment. Although a policy of alleviating tensions and reconciliation with the world will reduce the chance of conflict between us and major players outside the area, we cannot forget that in light of the clear ideological conflict and conflicting positions with regards to global issues, the US and Iran are still considered enemies and it appears that this hostility will remain in effect for the time being. The conclusion can therefore be drawn that the strategic allies in the US’s back yard can benefit Tehran’s interests in the future.