The summit meeting of the member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the observer states (Iran) was held recently in Bishkek at a time when the region was affected by security and by ethnic and religious issues. At the same time, the international climate has come under the influence of America unilateral tendencies, especially in connection with Syria, which has put China and Russia - two main countries in the SCO – under pressure. The two therefore decided to activate regional organizations that place greater emphasis on multilateralism in order to safeguard international peace and stability. It was subsequently no coincidence that the SCO summit meeting was greatly influenced by the developments in Syria, which was one of the main topics of discussion both in formal meetings, as well as in the bilateral meetings between the leaders on the sidelines of the conference. In this context, meetings between Rouhani and the Russian, Chinese, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Pakistan presidents were of special importance for several reasons - it was Rouhani’s first foreign visit as (Iran’s ) president in the conference of a regional organization and the very presence of the Iranian president at a summit meeting in the presence of Russian and Chinese leaders underlined the West’s failed attempts to encircle and isolate the country. The partial solution of the crisis of possible foreign military threat against Syria according to the Russian plan, which Iran supports, within a day of holding SCO summit can somehow be thought to have emerged out of the atmosphere of the summit . On the other hand, one can say that by taking part in the SCO conference, Rouhani also had an eye on the forthcoming and the more important meeting of the U.N. General Assembly in New York, so that he could evaluate his participation in the international arena in a more realistic atmosphere and could get ready for taking part in the meeting in New York. The commentator concludes that Shanghai’s (SCO) evolution from an economic cooperation organization to an organization with more varied political and security contexts seems to have started at at the Bishkek meeting. Those changes will also be followed up during the 14th SCO session scheduled to convene in Dushanbe.