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Asre Iran discusses the economic reasons of the players interested in continuation of the sanctions

Monday, 11 November 2013

An Asre Iran article titled “What Countries are Disrupting the Game? The Geneva Talks, a preemptive defense against International Society Ltd. for sanctions against Iran” Iran and the 5+1 have conducted important talks in Geneva. The Iranian side tried to give as little as possible in exchange for lifting as many of the sanctions as possible in terms of volume and quality. On the other side, the US as the real father of the sanctions, tried to obtain the maximum against Iran in exchange for minimum reduction of sanctions. Although the US is mentioned as the primary implementer of the sanctions, we must not ignore the other regional and international players, which may be referred to as “shareholders in the sanctions against Iran.” These shareholders are those countries that played a critical role in the most effective sanctions against Iran, some of which gained tremendous profit from this respect. The most important and critical sanctions against Iran are those imposed on oil exports. Heading these countries are Saudi Arabia, which managed to increase its production and exports, and replace Iranian oil. Iranian officials calculated that the removal of 1.5 million barrels of oil from the world market would result in a sharp increase in prices but in a collaboration with the oil producing nations, Iranian oil was quietly replaced, resulting in no price increase. Upon American request, Iran’s largest oil importers significantly reduced over the course of six months their oil purchases from Iran, and small customers even stopped fully importing oil. The EU also avoided purchasing half a million barrels of crude oil a day from Iran. As a result of these measures, Iran’s crude oil exports dropped from 2.5 million barrels to less than one million barrels a day. At the same time, strict implementation of the banking sanctions by countries prevented the transfer of oil profits to Iran. It can be said that the most effective and painful sanctions against Iran occurred in the drop of oil exports and the prevent of entry of oil profits to Iran. Countries such as the UAE and Saudi Arabia, which played a key role in the replacement of Iranian oil, saw themselves as missing from the Iranian talks, and are demanding their share. Other countries, such as India, also gained from sanctions on Iran. India, using the excuse of lack of possibility of paying Iran’s oil money in dollars due to sanctions, is paying a significant percentage of the money in Indian currency and bartering. China, too, in exchange for Iranian oil, is sending Iran its inferior quality goods. This bitter satire took such root that in China there is a saying “As long as there is Iran, why recycle?” All of these countries play a role in the Iranian sanctions and are therefore trying to direct events against the lifting of sanctions. Countries that are themselves not present during the talks are applying pressure on the 5+1 to prevent an agreement. This can be seen by the obstacles being posed by France, which appears to have disrupted the game for some Arab countries and Israel. From an economic perspective, France does not have any special commercial ties with Iran, and wants to be sure that should sanctions be lifted, the Iranian market will open again to France and that France’s rivals not be allowed to conquer the Iranian market. In oil, for example, France is demanding the presence of Total in Iran and not rivals such as Italian Eni and Dutch Shell. France wants to reinforce its base in Iran by products such as Peugot and Renault and does not want, in the event of the lifting of sanctions, the Iranian market to fall into the hands of its rivals, such as Hyundai, Audi, etc. In conclusion, it can be said that in the round of talks, Iran is not only facing 6 countries but a much larger number of countries that have a vested interest. Shareholders in the sanctions are demanding their due in the lifting of sanctions, and are demanding that their interests be taken into account in every stage.

 

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  • Published: 2 months ago on Monday, 11 November 2013
  • By: Iran Daily Brief
  • Last Modified: November 11, 2013 @ 2:29 pm
  • Filed Under: Military
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    • http://www.asriran.com/fa/news/303128/%D9%85%D8%B0%D8%A7%DA%A9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA-%DA%98%D9%86%D9%88-%D8%AF%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%B9-%D9%85%D9%82%D8%AF%D8%B3-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D8%B4%D8%B1%DA%A9%D8%AA-%D8%B3%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%85%DB%8C-%D8%A8%DB%8C%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%84%D9%84%DB%8C-%D8%AA%D8%AD%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%85-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86 http://farsnews.com/plarg.php?nn=608015&st;=1071307

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